|Type 1:||Titanium Bars Titanium Sheets Pipes Wire Foil||Application 1:||Industrial Medical|
|Technique 1:||Forged Hot Rolled Seamless Cold Rolled||Transport Package:||Standard Export Package.|
Titanium improves the quality of individual lives when it is used for medical and dental implants, prosthetic devices, eyeglasses and even lightweight wheelchairs. World product shipments are estimated at over 60,000 metric tons, of which at least 50% was used in applications other than aerospace.
Titanium is the most bio-compatible of all metals due to its corrosion resistance, strength and low modulus. This excellent level of biocompatibility as determined by in vitro cell culture tests has been confirmed by in vivo observations directly in numerous patients with total joint prostheses. The unwanted biological effects are about 10 times less frequent in patients with titanium implants than in those patients with implants made from other alloys. Where Ti-6Al-4V has been used, the low concentration of titanium, vanadium and aluminum in body fluids from patients with heavy wear on the prosthesis demonstrates the low dissolution rate of the wear particles.
Titanium is thus widely used for implants, surgical devices and pacemaker cases. Its use for hip replacements and other joints, has been well established for some 40 years. Titanium not only fosters Osseointegration (joins with bones & tissues), it is non-magnetic and non-radio opaque. Titanium instruments are used for micro-surgical operations and in military light weight field trauma relief kits.
Some prostheses are engineered with roughened surfaces or porous coatings (such as hydroxy-apaptite) which hasten the bonding of titanium with adjacent hone. Surface treatment, including shot peening, nitriding and diamond like coatings may be used to provide enhanced wear resistance.
Commercially pure titanium. Ti-6Al-4VELI and Ti-6Al-7Nb (367) continue to be the most frequently specified materials for prosthetic use. Earlier concerns about release of vanadium and/or aluminum from alloys have been largely resolved. Commercially pure titanium and most alloys are effectively nickel free and will not cause nickel dermatitis.
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